Chen Jingyuan 陳景元 [Ch'en Ching-yüan]ook: zi: Taichu 太初, hao: Bixuzi 碧虚子, ook Chen Bixu 陈碧虚)
periode: 1025-1094 - Song dynastie
Chen was een daoïstische priester (daoshi 道士). Chen is vooral bekend om zijn tekstkritische opmerkingen bij de Zhuangzi, waarin hij tekstvarianten opsomt uit verloren edities uit de Tang- en Song-periode.
Chen. Zijn meest herkenbaar bijdrage is de uitleg van de betekenis “empty quiescence” (xujing 虛靜) uit het hoofdstuk "Tian Dao”) en “plain simplicity” ( jianyi 簡易 uit hst. “Tian Yun").(bron Chai 2017)
Isabelle Robinet schrijft:
The three works of CHEN JINGYUAN are philological notes to the Zhuangzi. The main text is the Nanhua zhenjing zhangju yinyi ("Phonetic and Semantic Glosses"). The two shorter works, the Nanhua zhenjing zhangju yushi (''Additional Notes") and the Nanhua zhenjing yushi zalu ("Miscellaneous Documents"), contain additions and complements.
Chen Jingyuan compares different editions of the Zhuangzi. [..] Although Chen does not explicitly say so, a good number of his glosses are borrowed from the Jingdian shiwen by Lu Deming (556- 627). (Schipper 2004 p 673-674).
De 'Taoist Canon - A Historical Companion to the Daozang' geeft de volgende biografie:
Chen was born into a family of literati in Nancheng (modern Jiangxi). He became a Taoist at age seventeen when he was orphaned. He benefited early from an excellent education and made a rapid ascent in the Taoist administration, mainly through his exceptional scholarly talents. According to his oldest extant biography (Xuanhe shubu), Chen was a disciple of Zhang Wumeng (952?-1051) at Mount Tiantai in Zhejiang. He later came to live in the Liquan guan temple at the capital. Historical sources also mention his accomplishments as a painter, and he belonged to a poetic circle that included the most famous politicians of the age. He retired in 1083 to devote himself entirely to recovering and editing ancient scriptures. The list of his works is impressive, and although many did not survive, eight are extant. They are mostly commentaries on Taoist classics. His interest in neidan is not well reflected in this corpus, although it is possible that the alchemical treatise Qjnchuan zhizhi can be attributed to him. Chen died on Lushan (Jiangxi) at the age of seventy. (Schipper 2004 p1256)
Livia Kohn: His life's work was the revision and edition of numerous Taoist scriptures, among which we find the Daode jing under the title "A Folio of Subtleties Collected from the Archives on the Scripture of the Tao and
the Virtue" (DZ 714, fasc. 41820) and the Zhuangzi in a work named "Phonetic and Semantic Glosses on Stanzas of the True Scripture of Southern Florescence" (DZ 736, fasc. 49596). To this latter work, he also wrote a supplement (DZ 737, fasc. 497). Another study of his deals with lost passages and errors of this text and is known as ''Lacunae, Omissions, and Mistakes in the Zhuangzi." Based on the "Phonetic and Semantic Glosses," this can be dated to about 1084 (Hervouet 1978: 364). Beyond that, he restored the Liezi in a new edition entitled "An Exegesis of the True Scripture of Liezi, [the Master of] Pervading Emptiness and Perfect Virtue" (DZ 733, fasc. 46166). (Kohn 1991 Taoist Mystical Philosophy, p24-25).