Cheng Xuanying 成玄英 [Ch'eng Hsüan-ying]ook: omgangsnaam Zishi 子實
periode: 631-655 - Tang dynastie
Een Daoistisch monnik, posthuum bekend als de "Master of Doctrines at Xihua Abbey“ (西華法師)". Zijn commentaar is overgeleverd als subcommentaar bij dat Guo Xiang in de 'Nanhua zhen jing zhushu'
De 'Taoist Canon - A Historical Companion to the Daozang' geeft de volgende biografie:
Cheng Xuanying was an eminent philosopher and commentator who lived in the early Tang period (618-907). [..] He hailed from Shanzhou (present-day Shanxian in Henan province) and appears to have been trained as a classical scholar, as suggested by his zi. His Taoist career began in Donghai (eastern Shandong). In 631, he was invited to the court by Emperor Taizong, who honored him with the title Xihua fashi (Ritual Master of Western Luster), no doubt an allusion to the sacred mountain of Huashan, the Western Peak. When Taizong died (649) and his successor Gaozong (r. 649-683) came to the throne, Cheng was banished to a place called Yuzhou. It was there that he wrote his famous commentaries to the Laozi, the Zhuangzi, and the Duren jing.
Of these, his interpretation of the Zhuangzi (Nanhua zhenjing zhushu) is the most important. Presented as a subcommentary to Guo Xiang's celebrated glosses, Cheng in fact shows a superior understanding of the text, not only of its grammar and semantics, but also of its philosophical meaning. He therefore often, with great elegance, corrects Guo Xiang's errors and misinterpretations, opening a new age of Zhuangzi studies, which flourished under the Song (960-1279). It is sometimes claimed that Cheng belonged to a Chongxuan (Double Mystery) school, inspired by Madhyarnika Buddhist thought. In fact there is no historical evidence of such a school. [...] (Schipper 2004 p1258).
Isabelle Robinet schrijft:
"Nanhua zhen jing zhushu" Commentaries on the True Scripture of the Southern Florescence."
This text of the Zhuangzi has a commentary by Guo Xiang and a subcommentary by Cheng Xuanying. It is preceded by prefaces by each of these commentators. Chapters 2 and 6 of the Zhuangzi are divided into two parts, thus accounting for the thirty-five chapters of the present work. [...]. The subcommentary by Cheng existed independently of Guo Xiang's commentary [..]. Cheng states in his preface that he had assembled the Zhuangzi's text into thirty chapters. (Bron: Schipper 2004, p294-296).
Externe informatie- Wikipedia: Chen Xuanying
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LYNN, Richard John (2019). Birds and Beasts in the Zhuangzi, Fables Interpreted by Guo Xiang and Cheng Xuanying, 2019 (Engels) *
YU, Shiyi (2000). Reading the 'Chuang-tzu' in the T'ang Dynasty:: The Commentary of Ch'eng Hsüan-ying (fl. 631-652), 2000 (Engels)
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